# How Best To Evaluate Options And Come To A Conclusion

TEACHER VERSION

NOTES: Here are some ideas to keep in mind when implementing this lesson.

q  Start creating chart that lists types of ideas that good readers have.

q  This is the second of a three lessons on conclusions.

Ultimately, we want students to be able to generate and justify their own conclusions AND evaluate the conclusions in multiple choice questions to pick the one with the most evidence.

q  Print and post visual of Bertha (evil test creator) to inspire students to use their strategies and avoid her tricks!

OBJECTIVES: By the end of today, here's what students will be able to do.

Evaluate conclusions to choose answer choice with the most text evidence

HOT-ness: At the end of today, here's what you will be able to answer.

If Bertha doesn't give me a right there questions, how do I know if I have the right answer?

ASSESSMENT: At the end of today, here's how students will show mastery.

Objective #29 CONCLUSIONS

Directions: Answer multiple choice questions using drawing conclusion strategy.

Maria was walking home from school.

When she reached the corner, she noticed something on the ground under the bush.

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She looked closely and saw a purse. She looked inside to see if there was a name or address. She noticed a very large amount of money. Maria quickly closed the purse and took it to the grocery store near the corner. She gave the purse to the grocer who promised to call the owner.

From this story, what can you tell about Maria?

A. Maria is very rich already.

B.

Maria is new to the neighborhood.

C. Maria is an honest person.

D. Maria usually rides the bus home.

Objective #29: _____% Mastery

KEY IDEAS: What are the three or four main points students need to walk away with?

1.

To evaluate a conclusion:

b. Put a dot next to any choices that comes close to your conclusion and cross out any answer choices that are very different from your conclusion.

i.

HINT: Underline details in text that support each answer choice.

ii. HINT, HINT: A conclusion can never be "right there" in a text.

MODIFICATIONS:

HOOK: Here is a way to get students' attention.

If Bertha doesn't give me a right there question, how do I get the right answer

CONNECTION: Today's skill is connected to what we've been learning and is important to know.

This week we have been practicing drawing conclusions.

On tests, we have to choose the best conclusion from 4 possible choices. Today we will learn how to choose the best one!

DIRECT INSTRUCTION: Here are the step-by-step directions for what good readers do.

1.

2. To evaluate a conclusion:

a.

## How to Make Decisions

b. Put a dot next to any choices that comes close to your conclusion and cross out any answer choices that are very different from your conclusion.

i. HINT: A conclusion can never be "right there" in a text.

c. Get it down to two possible answer choices.

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Go back to the text and underline evidence. The choice with the most evidence is the best choice!

TEACHER MODELING: Here's a specific example of what good readers do.

Think aloud through key points to make conclusion.

1. Directions: Answer multiple choice questions using drawing conclusion strategy.

Sarah and Dylan had been looking forward to their beach vacation for weeks.

## How to Write a Strong Conclusion

Their family drove straight to the shoreline so they could be sure to have the whole day for swimming. When they arrived, Sarah and Dylan ignored the dark gray sky. They jumped out of the car and ran towards the water. All of a sudden they ran back to the car. "Brrr!" said Sarah, "we need some towels!"

From this story you can conclude that :

A.

## A Systematic Approach for Making Decisions

Sarah and her brother liked to have races.

B. Dylan hates to go swimming.

C. The water was too cold to swim.

GUIDED PRACTICE: Now let's try an example together.

Have students draw and fill in conclusion strategy. Monitor work. Correct and clarify as necessary. Ask 2-3 students to share. Post exemplary responses.

Next, ask students to cross of obviously wrong choices. Monitor work. Correct and clarify as necessary. Ask 2-3 students to share. Post exemplary responses.

Finally, ask students to pick best answer and underline text evidence. Correct and clarify as necessary. Ask 2-3 students to share. Post exemplary responses.

2. Directions: Answer multiple choice questions using drawing conclusion strategy.

The Student Council organized a food drive competition between the 5th grade and the 6th grade.

Each class wanted to donate the most cans of food. The winning class would see a free concert in the park with a famous band. Within one week, KIPP had collected 500 cans of food.

From this story you can conclude that:

A. The students are not interested in the project.

B. The students are motivated by the reward.

C.

The 6th grade will lose the competition.

D.

## Single Choice Decisions

The Student Council will cancel the concert.

INDEPENDENT PRACTICE: Now try an example on your own.

3. Directions: Answer multiple choice questions using drawing conclusion strategy.

Michael loves to play baseball.

He spends his weekends on the field or training with his coach. He went to baseball camp and received special instruction from a professional pitcher. He lives, sleeps, and eats baseball!

Which of these sentences is the best conclusion?

A.

Michael is not a hard worker.

B. Basketball is very important to Michael.

C. Michael's parents do not support his goals.

D. Michael wants to be a professional baseball player.

READ ALOUD: I will model this strategy and others we've learned. You will apply the strategies during think, pair, and share.

Now let's practice using our read aloud text.

## Discerning relevance

From now on, you will be able to out-smart Bertha on conclusion questions!

INDEPENDENT READING: Now you will apply this strategy to a book on your level.

During independent reading time, allow students to check out library books if needed.

Use this time to conference with students. If you notice multiple students struggling with the same thing, consider interjecting a Mid-Workshop Interruption to correct the misunderstanding for the whole class.

Use the Habits of Independent Reading tracking sheet to grade their behavior.

Was it easy or difficult? Why?

How did we become better readers today?

CLOSING: From now on, here's how you will apply this skill when you read.

How can we show Bertha who is boss on conclusion questions?

STUDENT VERSION

OBJECTIVES:

Evaluate conclusions to choose answer choice with the most text evidence

HOT-ness:

If Bertha doesn't give me a right there questions, how do I know if I have the right answer?

CONNECTION: Today's skill is connected to what we've been learning and is important to know.

This week we have been practicing drawing conclusions.

On tests, we have to choose the best conclusion from 4-5 possible choices. Today we will learn how to out-smart Bertha and choose the best one!

DIRECT INSTRUCTION: Here are the step-by-step directions for what good readers do.

2. To evaluate a conclusion:

a.

## How To Choose The Best Alternative If Each Option Has Meaningful Pros And Cons?

b. Put a dot next to any choices that comes close to your conclusion and cross out any answer choices that are very different from your conclusion.

HINT: A conclusion can never be "right there" in a text.

c.

Get it down to two possible answer choices.

Go back to the text and underline evidence. The choice with the most evidence is the best choice!

TEACHER MODELING: Here's a specific example of what good readers do.

1.

## GMAT Critical Reasoning: Evaluate the Conclusion

Directions: Answer multiple choice questions using drawing conclusion strategy.

Sarah and Dylan had been looking forward to their beach vacation for weeks.

Their family drove straight to the shoreline so they could be sure to have the whole day for swimming. When they arrived, Sarah and Dylan ignored the dark gray sky.

They jumped out of the car and ran towards the water. All of a sudden they ran back to the car. "Brrr!" said Sarah, "we need some towels!"

From this story you can conclude that :

A. Sarah and her brother liked to have races.

B. Dylan hates to go swimming.

C.

The water was too cold to swim.

GUIDED PRACTICE: Now let's try an example together.

2.

Directions: Answer multiple choice questions using drawing conclusion strategy.

The Student Council organized a food drive competition between the 5th grade and the 6th grade. Each class wanted to donate the most cans of food.

The winning class would see a free concert in the park with a famous band. Within one week, KIPP had collected 500 cans of food.

From this story you can conclude that:

A. The students are not interested in the project.

B. The students are motivated by the reward.

C. The 6th grade will lose the competition.

D. The Student Council will cancel the concert.

INDEPENDENT PRACTICE: Now try an example on your own.

3.

Directions: Answer multiple choice questions using drawing conclusion strategy.

Michael loves to play baseball. He spends his weekends on the field or training with his coach. He went to baseball camp and received special instruction from a professional pitcher. He lives, sleeps, and eats baseball!

Which of these sentences is the best conclusion?

A.

Michael is not a hard worker.

B. Basketball is very important to Michael.

C. Michael's parents do not support his goals.

D. Michael wants to be a professional baseball player.

From now on, you will be able to out-smart Bertha on conclusion questions!

________________________                                                                                    ________________________

________________________                                                                                    ________________________

Objective #29 CONCLUSIONS

Directions: Answer multiple choice questions using drawing conclusion strategy.

Maria was walking home from school.

When she reached the corner, she noticed something on the ground under the bush.

She looked closely and saw a purse. She looked inside to see if there was a name or address. She noticed a very large amount of money. Maria quickly closed the purse and took it to the grocery store near the corner.

## How best to evaluate options and come to a conclusion

She gave the purse to the grocer who promised to call the owner.

From this story, what can you tell about Maria?

A. Maria is very rich already.

B. Maria is new to the neighborhood.

C. Maria is an honest person.

D. Maria usually rides the bus home.

Objective #29: _____% Mastery

Anything else you want me to know?

J