Courses in Medical Field
Career Choices after Picking the PCB Stream
Post 10th standard, all of us arrive at a crossroad, where we need to choose a stream that will determine our profession and eventually, the rest of our lives.
While many of us choose Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM), there are many who choose Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) and pursue a profession in the medical field. But unlike engineering, the medical field offers several options to students. Choosing the right course after 12th is extremely important because a well-thought-out decision can lead to a rewarding career or may become a basis for the post graduation course.
It is difficult to pick one because there are so many good options, which have a good scope but we do not know which is appropriate for us.
In this article, we’ve listed the different possible career options if you have opted for PCB. To begin with, here is an exhaustive list of all the options available to you:
- MBBS – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
- BHMS – Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery
- BAMS – Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
- BUMS – Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery
- BDS – Bachelor of Dental Surgery
- B Sc AH (Animal Husbandry) Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences
- B Sc – Bachelor of Science
- B Sc Microbiology – Bachelor of Science in Microbiology
- B Sc Biotechnology – Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
- B Sc Bio Chemistry – Bachelor of Science in Bio Chemistry
- B Sc – Nursing
- B PT – Bachelor in Physio Therapy
- B Pharm – Bachelor in Pharmacy
- B Sc Agriculture – Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
- B Sc Horticulture – Bachelor of Science in Horticulture
- B Sc Environmental Science – Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science
- B F Sc – Bachelor in Fisheries Sciences
- B Sc MLT – Bachelor in Medical Technology
- B Sc Occupational Therapists
- B Sc Audiology
- B Sc Speech and Language Pathology
- B Sc Radiography
- B Sc Rehabilitation Therapy
- B Sc Food Technology
- B Sc Nutrition and Dietetics
- B Sc Botany
- B Sc Zoology
- B Sc Anthropology
- B Sc Home Science
Subjects such as physics, chemistry and biology (PCB) are required for students aspiring to take up careers in medicine or dental studies, biochemistry, biotechnology, microbiology, agricultural and dairy science.
Options are also available in the paramedical and allied fields such as Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Audiology, Speech Therapy, Medical Lab Technology, Optometry, Nutrition and Dietetics, Pharmacy etc. Those interested in Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science can take up a career as a veterinary doctor. For that, they have to appear for the entrance examination conducted by Veterinary Council of India for getting admission to first year Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry.
Those with +2 science Bio-maths can take up either an engineering or a medical career.
Admission to these professional courses is through entrance examinations. If not interested in engineering and medical field, 10+2 science students can go for B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) program of their choice, which can be followed by Master’s degree (M.Sc.), Ph.D and M.Phil.
Teaching is another option.
Let’s look at the most popular career choices of students who’ve opted for PCB:
The most common career choice for students opting for PCB stream is to become a doctor.
The first requirement is to clear NEET and/or the state medical entrance exams and secure a seat in a medical college. The undergraduate programs – MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery), BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) and BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) are of 5 years.
Upon completion, the student can opt for postgraduate studies for specialization. Read our articlePursuing Medicine: Career and Lifestyleto get the real picture.
Dentistry is a branch of medicine that specifically deals with the oral cavity.
The first requirement is to clear NEET and/or the state medical entrance exams and secure a seat in a medical college. The undergraduate programs BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is of 5 years. Upon completion, the student can opt for postgraduate studies for specialization.
Read also:Why is Dentistry a Good Career Option
Pharmacists/chemists/druggists are healthcare professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.
The student must obtain a B. Pharm (Bachelor of Pharmacy) degree at a pharmacy school or related institution.
Biological Sciences deal with the study of living things and encompasses topics such as Cell Biology, Neuroscience, Evolutionary Biology, and Ecology.
A student can embark on a professional, scientific or technical career after graduating.
They can also opt for further studies such as a research doctorate or a postgraduate course in an applied field.
Biomedical Engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes.
Students who wish to pursue this field must have a Master’s (M.S., M. Tech, M.S.E., or M.
Eng.) or a Doctoral (Ph.D.) degree in BME (Biomedical Engineering) or another branch of engineering with considerable potential for BME overlap.
Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or modify products. A student may opt for a B.
Healthcare Career Choices
Tech. Degree and then pursue further studies in health care (medical), Crop Production and Agriculture, nonfood (industrial) uses of crops, environmental uses, etc.
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector that focuses on the care of patients. A student has to obtain a BSN (Bachelor of Science in Nursing), a four-year undergraduate degree.
Advanced education at the graduate level is for specialization as an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) or for advanced roles in leadership, management, or education.
Physiotherapy is a physical medicine and rehabilitation specialty using mechanical force and movements.
A student has to obtain an undergraduate degree, Bachelor of Physiotherapy and can then opt for specialization in Cardiovascular & Pulmonary Physiotherapy, Clinical Electrophysiology, Geriatric, Integumentary, Neurological, Orthopedic, Pediatric, Sports, Women’s Health or Palliative Care.
Optometry is a healthcare profession concerned with the eyes and vision.
Optometrists are trained to prescribe and fit lenses to improve vision. Academic degrees such as Bachelor of Optometry, Master of Optometry and Doctor of Philosophy in Optometry are awarded in India by the universities recognized by the UGC.
Medical Science--Career Choice for the 21st Century
Optometrists have to register with the Optometry Council of India.
There are a truckload of options to choose from if you pick the PCB stream.
Study the prospects of each of these to make the decision and pick something that suits you the most. For more such advice, keep following us here.
All the best!